Try our free ASVAB Mathematics Knowledge Practice Test. This is the second of the two ASVAB math tests. There are 16 questions which must be completed within 20 minutes. The questions are designed to test your knowledge of high school math. Some of our practice problems are challenging, so take your time and be sure to double check your work. Get started now with these ASVAB Mathematics Knowledge questions.

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Question 1 |

The volume of this box is

A | 12 cm ^{3} |

B | 15 cm ^{3} |

C | 20 cm ^{3} |

D | 60 cm ^{3} |

Question 1 Explanation:

The correct answer is (D). The volume of a cubic rectangle is length x width x height:

3 x 4 x 5 = 60

3 x 4 x 5 = 60

Question 2 |

If n is a positive integer divisible by 7, and if n < 70, what is the greatest possible value of n?

A | 49 |

B | 56 |

C | 63 |

D | 69 |

Question 2 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). If you know one multiple of a number, you can find the other multiples by adding and subtracting that number. The number 70 is divisible by 7. The greatest multiple that is less than 70 will be 70 − 7 = 63.

Question 3 |

Blair’s average (arithmetic mean) on two physics tests is 7. What should Blair’s score be on the next test to have an overall average of 8 for all the tests?

A | 7 |

B | 8 |

C | 9 |

D | 10 |

Question 3 Explanation:

The correct answer is (D). The arithmetic mean is defined as the sum of the terms divided by the number of terms.

7 = sum / 2

14 = sum

Adding the next test’s score will change the average to an 8, and the total terms to 3.

8 = (14 + new score) / 3

24 = 14 + new score

10 = new score

7 = sum / 2

14 = sum

Adding the next test’s score will change the average to an 8, and the total terms to 3.

8 = (14 + new score) / 3

24 = 14 + new score

10 = new score

Question 4 |

(4x + 2) (x + 1) =

A | 5x + 3 |

B | 4x ^{2} + 6x + 2 |

C | 4x + 2x + 2 |

D | 4x ^{2} + 2 |

Question 4 Explanation:

The correct answer is (B). This is a multiplying binomials problem. Multiply the first term in the first binomial by both terms in the second binomial:

4x

Then multiply the second term in the first binomial by each term in the second binomial:

2x + 2

Adding them all together you get:

4x

4x

4x

^{2}+ 4xThen multiply the second term in the first binomial by each term in the second binomial:

2x + 2

Adding them all together you get:

4x

^{2}+ 4x + 2x + 24x

^{2}+ 6x + 2Question 5 |

2 − 8 ÷ (2

^{4}÷ 2) =A | -6 |

B | -¾ |

C | 1 |

D | 2 |

Question 5 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). Remember your order of operations:

2 − 8 ÷ (16 ÷ 2) =

2 − 8 ÷ 8 =

2 − 1 =

1

- Complete operations within parentheses first.
- Calculate exponents.
- Then multiply and divide in order from left to right.
- Then add and subtract in order from left to right.

^{4}÷ 2) =2 − 8 ÷ (16 ÷ 2) =

2 − 8 ÷ 8 =

2 − 1 =

1

Question 6 |

3(x − 4) = 18, what is the value of x?

A | 3/2 |

B | 22/3 |

C | 6 |

D | 10 |

Question 6 Explanation:

The correct answer is (D). Begin by dividing both sides by 3 to open the parenthesis:

x − 4 = 6

Add 4 to both sides to find x:

x = 10

x − 4 = 6

Add 4 to both sides to find x:

x = 10

Question 7 |

A scoutmaster is preparing his troop for their annual fishing expedition. He surveys each of his scouts to find out how many fishing poles they own.
What is the mode of this data set?

A | 0 |

B | 1 |

C | 2 |

D | 3 |

Question 7 Explanation:

The correct answer is (A). The mode of the data is the number that appears the most often. In this case the largest number of scouts (7) own 0 fishing poles.

Question 8 |

Line l passes through the point (−1, 2). Which of the following CANNOT be the equation of line l?

A | y = 1 − x |

B | y = x + 1 |

C | x = −1 |

D | y = x + 3 |

Question 8 Explanation:

The correct answer is (B). The slope-intercept form of a line is y = mx + b. Since the line passes through (−1,2), there are three possibilities: the line will have a slope (the “m” in front of the “x” variable), it will be vertical (x = −1), or it will be horizontal (y = 2). Plug x = −1 into all four equations to see which equation is not satisfied. The only answer choice that doesn’t give us y = 2 is (B).

Question 9 |

If 5

^{11}= 5^{2}x 5^{m}, what is the value of*m*?A | 3 |

B | 5.5 |

C | 9 |

D | 12.5 |

Question 9 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). When multiplying two powers with the same base, you can always add the exponents. This means that 11 = 2 + m, so m = 9.

Question 10 |

Which of these expressions is equivalent to:
3x

^{3}y^{5}+ 3x^{5}y^{3}− (4x^{5}y^{3}− 3x^{3}y^{5})A | -x ^{5}y^{3} |

B | 6x ^{5}y^{3} − x^{3}y^{5} |

C | 7x ^{5}y^{3} |

D | 6x ^{3}y^{5} − x^{5}y^{3} |

Question 10 Explanation:

The correct answer is (D). The key to this problem is distributing the negative sign. When distributing a negative sign, each term has a change of sign from negative to positive or from positive to negative.

3x

3x

6x

3x

^{3}y^{5}+ 3x^{5}y^{3}− (4x^{5}y^{3}− 3x^{3}y^{5})3x

^{3}y^{5}+ 3x^{5}y^{3}− 4x^{5}y^{3}+ 3x^{3}y^{5}6x

^{3}y^{5}− x^{5}y^{3}Question 11 |

A rectangle is cut in half to create two squares that each have an area of 25. What is the perimeter of the original rectangle?

A | 20 |

B | 25 |

C | 30 |

D | 35 |

Question 11 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). The formula to find the area of a square is side x side. If each square has an area of 25, then the dimensions of the rectangle are 5 x 10. The perimeter is the sum of all the sides, and would therefore be 5 + 10 + 5 + 10 = 30.

Question 12 |

If XY = YZ, and angle Y measures 90 degrees in the figure above, which of the following CANNOT be concluded?

A | a = b |

B | XZ < XY |

C | a + b = 90 |

D | XZ ^{2} = XY^{2} + YZ^{2} |

Question 12 Explanation:

The correct answer is (B). Here we are looking for the choice that is NOT true. Since the triangle is isosceles (XY = YZ), then a = b = 45. This means that a + b = 90. (A) and (C) must be true. For all right triangles, the Pythagorean Theorem applies, so (D) is also true. (B) is the correct answer because it is not true that XZ < XY. In a right triangle, the hypotenuse is always the longest side.

Question 13 |

What is the value of this expression:

A | 60 |

B | 17 |

C | 13 |

D | 11 |

Question 13 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). You need to add the 25 and 144 first, and then take the square root. The square root of 169 is 13.

Question 14 |

If (3.2 + 3.3 + 3.5)w = w, then what is the value of w?

A | 0 |

B | 1/10 |

C | 1 |

D | 10 |

Question 14 Explanation:

The correct answer is (A). First add up the three numbers that are in parentheses:

10w = w

10w = w will only be true when w = 0.

10w = w

10w = w will only be true when w = 0.

Question 15 |

There are two pizza ovens in a restaurant. Oven 1 burns three times as many pizzas as oven 2. If the restaurant had a total of 12 burnt pizzas on Saturday, how many pizzas did oven 2 burn?

A | 3 |

B | 6 |

C | 9 |

D | 12 |

Question 15 Explanation:

The correct answer is (A). Begin by setting up a system of equations to represent the situation, letting x represent oven 1 and y represent oven 2.

x = 3y and x + y = 12

Substituting the first equation into the second:

3y + y = 12 so y = 3.

x = 3y and x + y = 12

Substituting the first equation into the second:

3y + y = 12 so y = 3.

Question 16 |

What is the area of this trapezoid?

A | 360 |

B | 440 |

C | 570 |

D | 620 |

Question 16 Explanation:

The correct answer is (C). The trapezoid consists of two smaller shapes: a triangle and a rectangle. Draw a line from point A across this figure to form the two shapes. Find the area of each shape and then add them together to find the area of the trapezoid.

Area of rectangle = length x width.

Therefore, the area of the rectangle is 18x20 = 360

Area of a triangle = 1/2(base)(height).

The base of the triangle is 20.

The height of the triangle is unknown.

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the triangle's height. c

29

841 = 400 + (height)

441 = (height)

The square root of 441 is 21

height = 21.

Therefore, area of the triangle = (1/2)(20)(21) = 210. The total area of the trapezoid = 360+210 = 570.

Area of rectangle = length x width.

Therefore, the area of the rectangle is 18x20 = 360

Area of a triangle = 1/2(base)(height).

The base of the triangle is 20.

The height of the triangle is unknown.

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the triangle's height. c

^{2}= a^{2}+ b^{2}where c is the triangle's hypotenuse.29

^{2}= 20^{2}+ (height)^{2}841 = 400 + (height)

^{2}441 = (height)

^{2}The square root of 441 is 21

height = 21.

Therefore, area of the triangle = (1/2)(20)(21) = 210. The total area of the trapezoid = 360+210 = 570.

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