ASVAB Word Knowledge Study Guide Part 5

Word List: Difficult

The fifth and final part of our ASVAB Word Knowledge Study Guide features our most difficult word list. The words on this list represent the types of very challenging words that may appear on the ASVAB test. As part of your Word Knowledge test prep you should carefully study each of these definitions and then use the review quiz at the bottom of the page to test your memory.

WordDefinition
AbrogateTo abolish or put an end to something
AmenableWilling to answer, act, or yield; agreeable; submissive
CamaraderieGood fellowship; mutual trust and friendship
CapitulateTo give up resistance; to surrender
ChagrinA feeling of disappointment or humiliation
ChastiseTo discipline or criticize
ClandestineCharacterized by or executed with secrecy or concealment; private
ClemencyAn act of showing mercy or forgiveness
ConcoctionSomething concocted (contrived or made up, often by combining ingredients)
CorroborateTo confirm
CursoryHasty; going over something rapidly and not noticing details
DigressTo deviate or depart from the main topic or argument
DiscordDisagreement or difference of opinion
DisparateDistinct or dissimilar
DomicileA place of residence; a home
EnmityHostility or hatred
EschewTo shun, avoid, or keep away from
ExtraneousIrrelevant; coming from something external
FortuitousLucky or fortunate
FraudulentInvolving fraud or deception
InexorableUnyielding; not to be persuaded or moved
InfractionA breach or violation
InstigateTo urge or provoke something to an action
InsubordinateNot consenting to authority
IntrepidDauntless, completely fearless
LethargicDrowsy or sluggish
LitigationA lawsuit or legal action
MalevolentWishing harm or evil upon something
MalignTo speak damaging lies against a person
NegligentSomeone who is neglectful or careless
OnerousTroublesome; causing hardship
OpulentWealthy; richly supplied
ParagonSomeone who is excellent or exceptional
PlethoraAn excess
ProlificProducing something in large quantities
ProvisoA condition or stipulation of something
QuagmireA situation that is very difficult to get out of
QuandaryA dilemma or state of uncertainty about what to do
RenounceTo choose to give up or put aside something
ReprisalRetaliation against an enemy
RudimentThe beginning or first appearance or form of something
SuperficialShallow, external; only being concerned with what’s on the surface
SusceptibleCapable of being affected emotionally; subject to influence
SquanderTo spend wastefully
TruncateTo cut short; to cut off a part
UmbrageAnnoyance or offense; a vague feeling of doubt
VacillateTo be indecisive in opinion
VilifyTo speak poorly of someone or something
VindictiveShowing revengeful spirit; inclined to revenge
VociferousOutspoken; crying out noisily and openly

Now that you’ve reviewed the word list above, try testing yourself with the review quiz below. This quiz features 20 words from the difficult word list. Do your best not to look at the word chart and give an honest effort at remembering the words and definitions!

Part 5 Review Quiz:

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1

Corroborate most nearly means

A
corrupt
B
validate
C
vanquish
D
curtail
Question 1 Explanation: 
To corroborate is to confirm or validate.
Question 2

Proviso most nearly means

A
stipulation
B
protégé
C
prolific
D
stringency
Question 2 Explanation: 
A proviso is a condition or stipulation of an agreement.
Question 3

Intrepid most nearly means

A
skittish
B
imprudent
C
investigative
D
courageous
Question 3 Explanation: 
Someone is intrepid if they act courageously and without fear.
Question 4

Opulent most nearly means

A
opal
B
rich
C
economical
D
optional
Question 4 Explanation: 
Something opulent is rich or well-supplied.
Question 5

Capitulate most nearly means

A
capitalize
B
coagulate
C
concede
D
conform
Question 5 Explanation: 
To capitulate is to give in or concede.
Question 6

Abrogate most nearly means

A
acquiesce
B
answer
C
approve
D
abolish
Question 6 Explanation: 
"Abrogate" means to repeal or do away with. The word that comes closest to having the same meaning is "abolish."
Question 7

Enmity most nearly means

A
animosity
B
neutrality
C
entity
D
irascibility
Question 7 Explanation: 
"Enmity" and "animosity" both describe a hostility or hatred towards something. "Irascibility" might be tempting, but it generally describes a hot temper rather than a dislike of someone or something.
Question 8

Onerous most nearly means

A
difficult
B
ominous
C
confusing
D
angering
Question 8 Explanation: 
Something onerous is difficult or burdensome, typically referring to labor or responsibility.
Question 9

Reprisal most nearly means

A
restatement
B
reconsideration
C
retribution
D
redundancy
Question 9 Explanation: 
"Reprisal" and "retribution" both describe an act of revenge or retaliation against an enemy.
Question 10

Vilify most nearly means

A
exalt
B
hate
C
avenge
D
slander
Question 10 Explanation: 
To vilify someone is to slander or speak very poorly of them.
Question 11

Lethargic most nearly means

A
dazed
B
languid
C
unaware
D
stupid
Question 11 Explanation: 
Someone is lethargic if they are acting lazy or without energy. The word that comes closest to this definition is "languid".
Question 12

Truncate most nearly means

A
reject
B
subdue
C
entrench
D
curtail
Question 12 Explanation: 
"Truncate" and "curtail" both describe cutting something short.
Question 13

Fortuitous most nearly means

A
fortunate
B
supported
C
vacated
D
fortified
Question 13 Explanation: 
Something is fortuitous if it is lucky or fortunate.
Question 14

Paragon most nearly means

A
winner
B
paramount
C
exemption
D
exemplar
Question 14 Explanation: 
A paragon is a model of excellence in something. The word with the most similar meaning is "exemplar."
Question 15

Cursory most nearly means

A
pivotal
B
initial
C
hasty
D
hurtful
Question 15 Explanation: 
Something cursory is hasty, done without much attention or caution.
Question 16

Infraction most nearly means

A
violation
B
affliction
C
faction
D
action
Question 16 Explanation: 
An infraction is a violation or breach of something.
Question 17

Vacillate most nearly means

A
ventilate
B
infatuate
C
moderate
D
fluctuate
Question 17 Explanation: 
To vacillate is to fluctuate, or go back and forth, in an opinion.
Question 18

Inexorable most nearly means

A
unrelenting
B
unexplainable
C
understanding
D
inconsolable
Question 18 Explanation: 
"Inexorable" describes something that is unrelenting or unyielding.
Question 19

Prolific most nearly means

A
well-spoken
B
life-giving
C
fruitful
D
impotent
Question 19 Explanation: 
Something prolific is fruitful in that it produces things in large quantities.
Question 20

Eschew most nearly means

A
deliberate
B
forget
C
abandon
D
handle
Question 20 Explanation: 
To eschew something is to deliberately avoid or abandon it.
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